) 13,800,000,000 (13.8 billion) years ago The creation of the universe according to present estimates of "big bang" - "Stephen Hawkings and others...estimate between 18 and 11 billion with 13.8 being the closest estimation".
Mesoproterozoic from 1,600,000,000 to 1,000,000,000 years ago. Particular importance attaches to occurred around 1,300,000,000 years ago during the late Mesoproterzoic era, after the earth's transition to a more highly oxygenated atmosphere with an ozone screen. Deposits that made Westmorland Green slate formed around 450 million years ago. About 50 million years later, the material was altered by heat and pressure (metamorphosed) to slate, during mountain-building. After many more millions of years, they resembled patches of moss a few centimeters high.The amoeba has no hard part, but some single cell organisms produce microscopic skeletons or shells. Fossil evidence is consistent with these gene-based estimates. which, from a supposed resemblance.the blossom of a liliaceous plant have been denominated Encrinites". But things changed in the : There were no land animals and extinctions were confined to water life.cells with nuclei certainly existed by 1,200,000,000 years ago. In 1835, William Kirby in On Power of God in Creation of Animals 2. There were two distinct extinctions roughly a million years apart.The reference relates to Multicellular filaments from arctic Canada identified as a red algae Bangiomorpha pubescens. The curtain rises on a drama in the sea that has already begun, and has been going on for some time". London, Published by James Reynolds 174 Strand, 20t.10.1849. The first of these began about 443 million years ago."In all but detail, this fossil is indistinguishable from modern Bangia" for the Ediacaran fossils to first appear, 655,000,000 years ago. This showed life beginning with the Silurian system, which it described as "a marine deposit of vast extent containing abundance of marine organic remains. Together, these extinctions may have removed about 85 percent of species of marine animals.All of the major animal groups of the Ordovician oceans survived, including trilobites, "When I view all beings not as special creations, but as the lineal descendants of some few beings which lived long before the first bed of the Silurian system was deposited, they seem to me to become ennobled.Judging from the past we may safely infer that not one living species will transmit its unaltered likeness to distant futurity." (Charles Darwin) From primal swamp to speaking humans: Ernst Haeckel said (1903) that the Pithecoiden (monkey) theory of human evolution requires tracing our animal ancestors before monkeys.He began to do this in 1866 in the General Morphology. about 419,2000,000 to 393,300,000 years ago Early Devonian The vegetation of the early Devonian consisted primarily of small plants, the tallest being only a meter tall.By the end of the Devonian, "The earth's atmosphere was changing rapidly, going from perhaps 10 percent to 1 percent CO2 and from about 5 percent to 20 percent oxygen over a 50- million year period in the (late) Devonian period.All plants were responsible for the transformation, but Archaeopteris was important because it made up 90 percent of the forests during the last 15 million years when these changes accelerated" ..."It was the first plant to produce an extensive root system, so had a profound impact on soil chemistry".